“It was very cold inside and I thought if I go outside and walk I might feel warmer,” says Roqia, 11, standing outside her makeshift home in a snowy day in KABUL. 

Rogia doesn’t have enough clothes and proper slippers to keep her warm in a cold. Her family do not have sufficient firewood to keep the oven burning all the time and they only burn it once in a day and if the weather is freezing cold, they might burn it twice in a day. They burn plastics, cartons, packets and other waste materials they have collected during the summer season. 
“The house we have is out of plastic bags, blankets and mud. As soon as the oven dies the home gets cold,” she says. “It’s very cold during the night and we wakeup many times due to cold. Sometimes, I feel pain and burn in my feet, legs and back due to the cold.” 

Kabul gets very cold during the winter and last night only, the temperature dropped to -16 Celsius. Photo: Enayatullah Azad/ NRC

Kabul drabbat av kyla och snö

“Det var mycket kallt i natt och jag vaknade tidigt för att jag frös. Mina fötter var iskalla och jag hade ingen känsel i tårna,” säger hon och tittar ner på sina frusna fötter.

Vi möter 11-åriga Raqia tidig morgon efter en bitande iskall natt med mycket snöfall och en medeltemperatur på nära 16 minusgrader. Ett vitt täcke av snö har lagt sig på tälten i Hiwadwal, en kåkstad i utkanten av huvudstaden Kabul. Det är bara en av många sådana bosättningar i Kabul.

Förra året byggde NRC Flyktinghjälpen 154 nya hus och förbättrade 330 befintliga hus till familjer på flykt i och runt huvudstaden Kabul. En del av dessa hör till bosättningen i Hiwadwal.

Köp gåvor med mening

De flesta som bor här har tvingats fly från konflikter i det krigssargade landet. Somliga är nya i lägret och andra har levt här i flera år. En del har också bott i grannlandet Pakistan innan de återvände hem, bara för att tvingas fly från sitt hem ännu en gång.

Två tredjedelar av alla som flytt från sina hemområden har sökt skydd i områden kring de större städerna som Kabul, Nangarhar, Kandahar, Balkh och Herat.

“It was very cold inside and I thought if I go outside and walk I might feel warmer,” says Roqia, 11, standing outside her makeshift home in a snowy day in KABUL. 

Rogia doesn’t have enough clothes and proper slippers to keep her warm in a cold. Her family do not have sufficient firewood to keep the oven burning all the time and they only burn it once in a day and if the weather is freezing cold, they might burn it twice in a day. They burn plastics, cartons, packets and other waste materials they have collected during the summer season. 
“The house we have is out of plastic bags, blankets and mud. As soon as the oven dies the home gets cold,” she says. “It’s very cold during the night and we wakeup many times due to cold. Sometimes, I feel pain and burn in my feet, legs and back due to the cold.” 

Kabul gets very cold during the winter and last night only, the temperature dropped to -16 Celsius. Photo: Enayatullah Azad/ NRC
Läs bildtexten “Det är så kallt inne i tältet, jag tänkte att jag skulle kunna bli lite varmare om jag rörde på mig utomhus,” säger Raquia, 11 år.

“Det här är de enda kläder och skor jag har” säger hon och drar filten hårdare runt kroppen.

Raqia står utanför familjens enkla hem med filten runt axlarna. Kläderna hon har på sig är tunna sommarkläder och skorna är enkla plastsandaler – hon är barfota i dem.

Mer än 1,2 miljoner interna flyktingar befinner sig över hela Afghanistan boendes i kåkstäder och så kallade informella bosättningar. Mer än hälften är barn under 18 år.

“It was very cold inside and I thought if I go outside and walk I might feel warmer,” says Roqia, 11, standing outside her makeshift home in a snowy day in KABUL. 

Rogia doesn’t have enough clothes and proper slippers to keep her warm in a cold. Her family do not have sufficient firewood to keep the oven burning all the time and they only burn it once in a day and if the weather is freezing cold, they might burn it twice in a day. They burn plastics, cartons, packets and other waste materials they have collected during the summer season. 
“The house we have is out of plastic bags, blankets and mud. As soon as the oven dies the home gets cold,” she says. “It’s very cold during the night and we wakeup many times due to cold. Sometimes, I feel pain and burn in my feet, legs and back due to the cold.” 

Kabul gets very cold during the winter and last night only, the temperature dropped to -16 Celsius. Photo: Enayatullah Azad/ NRC

Hennes enkla hem är byggt av plast, presenningar, mattor och lera. “Vi har en liten ugn men inget att elda med. Vi använder kartonger och plast som vi samlade under sommaren men det är räcker inte för att hålla värmen. Vi brukar elda en gång om dagen, men när det är så här kallt så blir det oftast två gånger per dag”

“It was very cold inside and I thought if I go outside and walk I might feel warmer,” says Roqia, 11, standing outside her makeshift home in a snowy day in KABUL. 

Rogia doesn’t have enough clothes and proper slippers to keep her warm in a cold. Her family do not have sufficient firewood to keep the oven burning all the time and they only burn it once in a day and if the weather is freezing cold, they might burn it twice in a day. They burn plastics, cartons, packets and other waste materials they have collected during the summer season. 
“The house we have is out of plastic bags, blankets and mud. As soon as the oven dies the home gets cold,” she says. “It’s very cold during the night and we wakeup many times due to cold. Sometimes, I feel pain and burn in my feet, legs and back due to the cold.” 

Kabul gets very cold during the winter and last night only, the temperature dropped to -16 Celsius. Photo: Enayatullah Azad/ NRC
Läs bildtexten Raqia's skor är inte gjorda för kall vinter och snö.

Så fort värmen från ugnen slocknar blir det iskallt. “Det är så kallt på natten att jag vaknar tidigt för att jag fryser. Mina fötter är stelfrusna och ibland har jag ingen känsel i tårna” säger hon och tittar ner på sina fötter.

NRC shelter and WASH team doing a walkabout in Hiwadwal IDP Settlement in Kabul on a snowfall day. It’s first winter snow in Kabul and thousands of IDP families are living in substandard makeshift making them disposed to freezing temperature. Photo: Enayatullah Azad / NRC
Läs bildtexten Ett team från NRC Flyktninghjälpen är i bosättningen och knackar dörr för att få en överblick av skadorna på husen efter snöfallet.

Efter tungt snöfall och temperaturer ner till nästan -20C har det rapporterats att många av tälten har rasat ihop av snötyngden. Teamet från NRC får en överblick av situationen och kan bedöma behovet av hjälp.

Shahnaz makeshift home collapsed under the weight of heavy snow in an informal settlement in eastern Kabul this week. The family is now forced to live with neighbors as the temperature drops up to -20C during the night. 

Shahnaz, 34, a widow was sleeping with her three children when the roof of their substandard makeshift home fill in onto them and now, she stays with three other families in shared two-room house in the camp. 

“We were in deep sleep when the beam broke and the roof collapsed over us. I grabbed my children to protect and start shouting then the neighbors rushed to help us,” Shahnaz said. Several makeshift homes have reportedly collapsed during the last snow fall and many families are either staying with neighbors or with relatives. NRC with support from donors, German Development Bank (KFW) and Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA) improved and upgraded 330 shelters and built another 154 permanent homes across the capital, Kabul. Our team have observed that many of these upgraded homes are hosting more than one family. 

Shahnaz and her three children are now staying with one of the neighbors. “Thanks God, we are not alone here and if the government is not being able to support us, the people do care about each other with their little in hand,” she says. 

The mother says she begs on the streets to protect her children. “The two biggest challenges we were facing was food and the cold and now, shelter is also included on the list,” she added. Photo: Enayatullah Azad / NRC
Läs bildtexten Shahnaz och hennes son utanför grannens hus där de nu bor.

Teamet träffar Shahnaz, 34 år, änka och mamma till tre barn. “Jag sov med barnen när taket plötsligt rasade in över oss. Som tur var skadades ingen. Jag ropade på hjälp och snart dök en granne upp för att hjälpa oss ur den akuta krisen” säger hon.

Shahnaz makeshift home collapsed under the weight of heavy snow in an informal settlement in eastern Kabul this week. The family is now forced to live with neighbors as the temperature drops up to -20C during the night. 

Shahnaz, 34, a widow was sleeping with her three children when the roof of their substandard makeshift home fill in onto them and now, she stays with three other families in shared two-room house in the camp. 

“We were in deep sleep when the beam broke and the roof collapsed over us. I grabbed my children to protect and start shouting then the neighbors rushed to help us,” Shahnaz said. Several makeshift homes have reportedly collapsed during the last snow fall and many families are either staying with neighbors or with relatives. NRC with support from donors, German Development Bank (KFW) and Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA) improved and upgraded 330 shelters and built another 154 permanent homes across the capital, Kabul. Our team have observed that many of these upgraded homes are hosting more than one family. 

Shahnaz and her three children are now staying with one of the neighbors. “Thanks God, we are not alone here and if the government is not being able to support us, the people do care about each other with their little in hand,” she says. 

The mother says she begs on the streets to protect her children. “The two biggest challenges we were facing was food and the cold and now, shelter is also included on the list,” she added. Photo: Enayatullah Azad / NRC
Läs bildtexten Shahnaz’s hus är inte det enda som rasat i hop på grund av snöfallet. Det är många som flyttat in till hjälpfulla grannar.

“Tack Gode Gud för att vi lever och att vi har snälla grannar. De har tagit hand om oss även om de har det trångt. Nu bor barnen och jag med tre andra familjer i ett litet hus med två rum.”

Shahnaz makeshift home collapsed under the weight of heavy snow in an informal settlement in eastern Kabul this week. The family is now forced to live with neighbors as the temperature drops up to -20C during the night. 

Shahnaz, 34, a widow was sleeping with her three children when the roof of their substandard makeshift home fill in onto them and now, she stays with three other families in shared two-room house in the camp. 

“We were in deep sleep when the beam broke and the roof collapsed over us. I grabbed my children to protect and start shouting then the neighbors rushed to help us,” Shahnaz said. Several makeshift homes have reportedly collapsed during the last snow fall and many families are either staying with neighbors or with relatives. NRC with support from donors, German Development Bank (KFW) and Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA) improved and upgraded 330 shelters and built another 154 permanent homes across the capital, Kabul. Our team have observed that many of these upgraded homes are hosting more than one family. 

Shahnaz and her three children are now staying with one of the neighbors. “Thanks God, we are not alone here and if the government is not being able to support us, the people do care about each other with their little in hand,” she says. 

The mother says she begs on the streets to protect her children. “The two biggest challenges we were facing was food and the cold and now, shelter is also included on the list,” she added. Photo: Enayatullah Azad / NRC
Läs bildtexten Shahnaz och hennes tre barn flyttar över till grannarna, som redan delar det lilla huset med två andra familjer.

Shahnaz tigger på gatorna i Kabul för att kunna skaffa mat till familjen. Nu har hon en ny utmaning att lösa.

“De två största utmaningarna och oro var att klara av att skaffa mat och hantera kylan. Nu kan jag lägga till att vi inte har tak över huvudet som ännu en oro.“

Mirwais, 42, is taking his one and half year-old son Ramin, to a doctor. Ramin has been suffering headache, fever and abdominal pain in the past three days. “he has been suffering in the past three days and I was hoping he could get well without being taken to the doctor. I can’t afford their medicine and he is the second one I’m taking to the doctor,” Said Mirwais.

Kabul and major parts of Afghanistan is blanketed in snow and Mirwais and thousands other displaced men who are earning through daily wages can’t find anymore to protect their families. 

“We can’t afford fuel or firewood to warm the room and cook. All we burn is plastics and cartons and that makes our children sick,” said Mirwais. Photo: Enayatullah Azad / NRC
Läs bildtexten Mirwais och hans son Ramin på väg till läkaren.

Vi mötte också Mirwais, 42 år. Han är på väg till läkaren med sin son Ramin som är 1,5 år. Han har haft feber, huvudvärk och buksmärtor de senaste tre dagarna.

“Jag hoppades på att han skulle bli bättre så jag slapp ta honom till doktorn. Jag har inga pengar till medicin och det är andra gången jag måste ta ett av barnen till läkaren”

Mirwais, 42, is taking his one and half year-old son Ramin, to a doctor. Ramin has been suffering headache, fever and abdominal pain in the past three days. “he has been suffering in the past three days and I was hoping he could get well without being taken to the doctor. I can’t afford their medicine and he is the second one I’m taking to the doctor,” Said Mirwais.

Kabul and major parts of Afghanistan is blanketed in snow and Mirwais and thousands other displaced men who are earning through daily wages can’t find anymore to protect their families. 

“We can’t afford fuel or firewood to warm the room and cook. All we burn is plastics and cartons and that makes our children sick,” said Mirwais. Photo: Enayatullah Azad / NRC
Läs bildtexten Ramin har haft feber, huvudvärk och buksmärtor de senaste tre dagarna.

Totalt så saknar 30 procent av Afghaner den mest grundläggande hälsovården. De som lever i de svåraste områdena, där humanitära organisationer kämpar, är också de som lider mest av att inte få sjukvård.

Mirwais är orolig för sina barn. “Vi har inte råd med bränsle eller ved för att värma upp huset eller laga mat. Det enda vi kan elda är kartonger och plast. Det är väldigt giftigt och gör barnen sjuka.” säger han medan han skyndar sig genom snön till läkaren.

Shawan, 6, and his siblings are living a mud house in Hiwadwal IDP settlement in Kabul. The family was living under a substandard makeshift shelter last winter. NRC with support from German Development Bank (KFW) and Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA)
 improved and upgraded 330 shelters, including Shawan and his family’s home. NRC has also provided another 154-permanent home for internally displaced and refugee-returnee families in and outside Kabul this summer. Shawan and his family are very happy that have been protected during this harsh winter weather. Photo: Enayatullah Azad/NRC
Läs bildtexten Shawan 6 år, tillhör en av många familjer som har fått hjälp med att reparera sitt hus.

I samma område mötte vi Shawan, 6 år. Förra vintern bodde han också i ett hus byggt med plast, mattor och lera. Men förra året byggde NRC Flyktinghjälpen 154 nya hus och reparerade 330 hem omkring Kabul där familjer på flykt bor. Shawan tillhör en av dessa familjer som fick sitt hus reparerat.

“Nu behöver vi inte frysa och kan hålla oss varma inomhus” säger han, vinkades till oss genom fönstret till det nya huset.

Efter det senaste snöfallet kan NRC teamet konstatera att många av dessa hus nu huseras av mer än en familj.

NRC shelter and WASH team doing a walkabout in Hiwadwal IDP Settlement in Kabul on a snowfall day. It’s first winter snow in Kabul and thousands of IDP families are living in substandard makeshift making them disposed to freezing temperature. Photo: Enayatullah Azad / NRC

Trots att barnen i Kabuls bosättningar har många fler bekymmer är de flesta är de som andra barn och hittar glädjen i vardagen. Utanför en kiosk träffar vi två pojkar som har gjort en snögubbe, för en stund kan de glömma problemen och ha roligt tillsammans i snön.